It is called fourth generation (4G) or Long Term Evolution (LTE). And in September is to become the first run by standard, which all mobile phones in the world capable of offering speeds of 100 MegaBytes per Second (Mbps) and above for mass data services consumption (browsing and video) that demand the smartphones and tablets. And will going to be the star of the Mobile World Congress (MWC) . Almost all operators and manufacturers have scheduled pilot and Incorporate their priorities regarding this technology. But more than half the planet is just that, just a pilot, because networks are neither ready nor Sufficient supply of phones.
In Spain, there probably waiting Until well into 2014, eleven the government will not be Able to Fulfill Commitment to advance to its January 1, 2014 the distribution of frequencies That have vacated the analog TV and for Which They paid 1.800 million operators.
North American and Asian markets (South Korea, Japan and Hong Kong) are the ones in advance. In the U.S., AT & T, Verizon and Sprint offer commercial service to 30 million customers acerca, while in Europe, Sweden, Denmark and Germany monopolize the forefront. The advantage enjoyed by European Consumers Is that the price is much more affordable Giga, on average a third of what Americans pay. In Addition, the download speed is Also higher, led by the Swedes .
ACCORDING to the Yankee Group in late 2012 There Were 152 commercial LTE networks across 65 countries, an Increase of 47 networks in 2011. The Research Firm Predicts That by 2013 there will be approximately 114 million subscribers, Which will double in 2014.
In a climate of economic uncertainty if not outright recession, build LTE network is very expensive. Also In most countries have had to face the cost of broadcasting at public auction, as has been closed this week in the UK and the operators paid £ 2.340 million (2,700 million euros). Companies now face the challenge of return on Those investments, and keep the profit result in so-called over-the-top (OTT), from application developers, social networks, web giants like Google orApple, not will invest a penny In These networks.
The latest report from Juniper Research forecasts That Revenues from 4G to Grow Rapidly, reaching 250.000 million euros (340,000 million) globally in 2017, Representing 31% of the mobile services of all generations (2G/3G / 4G), Compared with 56.000 million expected in 2013.
Handset manufacturers are accelerating Also Their plans. ABI ResearchEstimated at 91 million volumes smarpthones LTE sold in 2012, and only 3.3 million tablets. 95% of sales are in North America and Concentrated Asia-Pacific. The inclusion of LTE in the iPhone 5 I Samsung Galaxy S3 Have the course a boost to 4G LTE.
Spain, long overdue
The fourth generation 4G mobile phone will not start in Spain possibly Commercially Until Late 2014 or, more likely, or 2015, Because the Ministry of Industry is very Difficult to Fulfill its Commitment to bring forward by one year the delivery frequency, According to the industry . In fact, in the text of the Digital Agenda plan approved by the Council of Ministers on 15 February, the Ministry of Industry has removed the clause Which the Government undertook to make available to operators on 1 January 2014 800 MHz band frequencies That left free television, called digital dividend, and Which Operate on the LTE.
The reason Is that the industry Remains Involved unresolved dilemma the Supreme Court decision of last December in mistrial Which agreement July 16, 2010 the Council of Ministers, Which was delivered to full multiple, capable to issue four conventional channels, Antena 3, Telecinco, Sogecable , Veo7, Net TV and the sixth to Have Been Made “without conducting a public tender.”
The operators, who paid 1.650 million by the auction of frequencies held in 2011, are Involved Indirectly by This verdict, as to not vacate the frequencies chains can not Implement a plan to occupy the same.Become The conflict has entrenched Because the chains Were the successful bidders do not even want to talk About a new deal, They would lose up to nine channels. The period to migrate to other frequencies can last up to a year, so the backlog can be huge.
Mobile phone companies have already Expressed concern to the Ministry, Which has assured them That, in any case, was to repeat the auction held in July 2011. It seeks an interpretation of the judgment of the Supreme Which makes it possible not apply retroactively, but there are serious legal Doubts That this is possible.
While the legal matter is resolved, the LTE will be in Spain little more than a pilot, but the operators are taking advantage of the 2.6 GHz band for its pre-commercial deployments in large cities, although the band Suitable for coverage in buildings and interiors is 800 Mhz.
The MWC is going to become a showcase of LTE. Telefónica will show proven technology in Germany That Allows voice calls on LTE Networks That start and continue, without noticeable changes for the user, on 3G networks. oepra The Spanish multinational Commercially 4G already in Germany , through its subsidiary in February, and will soon in six other countries, Britain and Including Brazil, has only Developed pilot projects in Spain, mostly in Madrid and Barcelona.
Meanwhile, Vodafone has made a pre-commercial deployment of LTE coverage (2.6 GHz band) in all the exhibition halls and outdoor access Fira Gran Via, home MWC. THUS, users With This network-enabled SIM can connect at speeds precommercial up to 100 Mbps to 42 Mbps download and upload data in the network. Conducted Also Vodafone has THROUGHOUT 2012 to pilot projects LTE data services to business customers in Madrid, Barcelona, Santander and Malaga, and Institutions Such as the Board of Andalucía. Orange pliotos network develops in Barcelona and Valencia, while Telstra has preferred to wait.