The bricks were very porous to absorb the mortar and to give a better bond. The temple stands in isolation resting on a low foundation, approachable from all sides by three steps. Terracotta roof tiles were also used. They invented concrete and loved building arches and monuments to themselves. Paint was used to highlight molding to strengthen the contrasting elements of the frieze. Similarities can be seen in the Coliseum, which was built much later. The development of Greek temple design also brought about the three column orders; Doric, ionic and Corinthian, which were used extensively in Greek buildings and have highly influenced other cultures. The Romans were the first builders in Europe, and probably the first in the world to recognize the advantages of the arch, vault and dome. Its forms of mass and volume are simple rectangles, cylinders and cones with a triangular roof. That is why the temples were decorated on the outside, no one went inside. Unlike Greeks, Roman temples had a focus of attention and most had a frontal access only. So let’s explore Greek and Roman architecture comparison.
The Hephaisteion Athens A Greek temple’s primary function was to shelter the god it was built for. Everything that was marble was cut in large blocks and held together by clamps and dowels. The Greeks considered beauty a distinctive feature of the gods and their pursuit of beauty was almost a religious exercise. Roman theaters were regularly built on concrete vaulting that supported the auditorium and allowed easy access to seating, as crowd control was a big worry to the Roman builder. In their buildings, exterior structure and aesthetics were of primary concern. The site of the temple was almost as important as the temple itself. In theater design, both Greeks and Romans preferred to use hillsides, but because of large cities the Romans were forced to build their theaters on flat ground. They also loved to be entertained. The job of the ancient Greek Architect was to make a beautiful temple for the god. The Greeks built many structures on top of hills; the Romans changed the hills into architectural structures. “Empower Network is a great way to improve your life”
Building Materials used by Greeks and Romans
Concrete was a major building material for the Romans, the Greeks were always trying to find better building materials and used huge stones held together with clamps and dowels .The Romans enjoyed everything from chariot races to gladiator contests to musical plays to the ballet. Many Roman theaters like Roman amphitheaters had a solarium or awning that was rigged to shade the audience from the sun. Timbering was used in the roof and ceiling. Stone was the main building material used in Greek temple construction. She has a passion for design and enjoys learning about the arts including fine art and architecture. Many early Roman pagan temples are similar to the Hephaisteion but with the difference that pushes the cells to one end of the room and decoration inside the temple. Martha Vega is a freelance graphic designer in San Diego. Three of the most important buildings designed for mass entertainment were the theater, the amphitheater and the circus. They changed the Greek theater a structure that was usually built into a hillside, with its circular orchestra and detached scene building into a freestanding structure that united auditorium and stage. This style was widely copied after the theater was built. It is massive in appearance with simple Doric capitals and thick heavy columns made of built up drums of stone all around.
Famous Greek and Roman Architectures
The Hepaisteion is a typical peripheral style temple. Greek and Roman architecture comparison is must to understand these building structures. The Ancient Greek World was one of the most dynamic, innovative and progressive periods of art in western civilization. The Theater of Marcellus in Rome was first commissioned by Julius Caesar and was completed during the reign of his grandnephew and adopted son Augustus. The Greeks used the orchestra as a stage area. No part of a Greek temple was symbolic or meant anything other than what it was a temple for a god, with a sheltered colonnade for worshipers In Roman theaters the orchestra was part of the auditorium. This practice brought on the revolutionary design of a freestanding theater structure.
Often up to three gods were housed together, while their rooms were narrow, the temple as a whole tended to be loftier and grander than Greek temples. Early Greeks used the post and lintel system, whereas Romans extensively used the arch, vault and dome. The structure in the shape of a half circle which was a standard design for Roman theaters The Theatre of Marcellus, Rome the Greeks may have invented drama, but theater design was revolutionized by the Romans. Greek architects did not strive for individuality; the ancient Greek builder could erect a standard temple with a brief verbal description.
Early Roman temples differed from Greek both on the inside and in their relationship to their surroundings. The back of the stage was as high as the auditorium so that the audience could not see outside as they could in a Greek theater The Romans took the view, brought it inside the temple interior and declared that what went on inside was very important so the temple must look good on the inside too.
The Greeks were a people who strove for naturalism and perfection in their art. The scalene frons was another Roman innovation that was first used the 4th century BC but didn’t reach its ideal until the 2nd century AD. The Hepaisteion is basically a room called a cellar with a porch in the front and rear that is enclosed inside a colonnade that supports the roof, which in turn protects the cellar from rain and sun. Like many Roman structures, the Theater of Marcellus was built of concrete and baked bricks that were 5 to 5 centimeters thick. The structures they left behind are a reminder of the genius of Roman engineering. The back of the stage area or the scalene fronts was decorated with a continuous row of columns three tiers high that ran the width of the stage. Greek and Roman architecture comparison can help us better understand these two cultures. The facade was travertine and had forty one bays with a half column on both sides of each bay. The Greeks took their religion seriously and built their temples for the gods.